Decree No. 50 of 1992 specifically spelt out the following functions for the Centre:
Conduct applied research into the quality of coals available in Nigeria and to develop metallurgical coke from indigenous coal samples.
Develop substitutes for strategic ferrous and non-ferrous alloys by increasing the adaptation and use of locally produced mineral raw materials as alloying elements to be used in nation’s metallurgical and allied industries.
Improve the performance of the processes used in the metallurgical and allied industries through the application of fundamental scientific knowledge to the solution of problems related to steel production, fabrication and utilization.
Conduct research into foundry problems associated with Nigeria’s metallurgical and allied industries with particular emphasis on problems relating to foundry moulding materials, smelting operations and casting techniques.
Design and develop pilot flow-sheets for various metallurgical processes especially for the economic standardization and beneficiation of locally produced ores.
Study fundamental aspects of metals and alloys and determine failure modes in engineering components and structures with particular emphasis on failure stresses of steels and defects in steel ingots and rolled products.
Develop and fabricate standard samples of machine tools and other engineering components and structures for analytical purposes with a view to their eventual adaptation and use on a large scale in the metallurgical and allied industries.
Carry out intensive studies and research into the effects of toxic industrial effluent discharged from metallurgical and allied industries.
Identify pollution patterns of various metallurgical and non-metallurgical industrial establishments and to devise proper modes of controlling or eradicating effluent from such establishments.
Develop enamelling and other techniques for the surface coating of metals including electroplating, galvanizing and anodic protection and study problems relating to corrosion of metals and alloys and modes or preventing them.
Undertake, through laboratory research and tests, mineralogical appraisal, examination and evaluation of mineral ore samples, for the purpose of ascertaining the mineral species contained therein.
Carry out liberation studies, characterization and identification of ores and other material micro-structural components, designed to disengage mineral species, so as to release their valuable grain constituents for industrial use.
Up-grade the qualities of Nigerian low-grade ores and minerals, through beneficiation techniques and processes with a view to achieving an efficient and economic extraction of the materials contained therein with the purpose of ensuring self-sufficiency and rendering unnecessary the importation of such ores or metals as are produced therefrom.
Render to both public and private establishments engaged in the metallurgical and allied industries, consultancy and technical services at various stages (including exploration, processing, smelting, design and fabrication stages) and charge fees for such services.
Liaise, collaborate and enter into joint ventures with other institutions whether in Nigeria or elsewhere whose functions are in one way or the other related to those of the Centre or which may require the services of the Centre.
Establish, organize, run, operate, conduct and participate in such training courses, lectures, seminars, conferences, symposia and similar study groups as may enhance the activities of the Centre or the efficiency of any of its officers and employees.
Establish such facilities and do such other things which are conducive to the discharge of its functions under this Decree.
Commercialize any of its scientific break-through for the benefit of Nigerian industries as may be approved by the Board and in accordance with relevant Nigerian laws.
National Metallurgical Development Centre [NMDC], Jos established by Act 50 of 1992, is a Research and Development organization with the mandate to carry out research and development activities for the Metallurgical and allied industries for the development of the nation’s solid minerals sector.